One of the first stationary museums of Poltava is the Museum of the Poltava Battle (27th June, 1709). The museum was founded in June of 1909 on initiative of famous region history specialist I. Pavlovsky in honor of bicentenary of the Battle. During the Civil war time, after several cases of robbery, the museum was temporarily closed. Its work was renovated on 23d September, 1950 — the museum moved to former building of the hospital of last Russian-Turkish war veterans (70's of XIX century).
In 1981 the museum and its complex of monuments connected with the Battle were proclaimed as the State Historical and Cultural reserve “The Field of the Great Poltava Battle”. Common square of the reserve is 1'906,5 acres. Modern halls of the museum show unique exhibits of XVII century and the Great Northern War period (1700-1721). They are: portraits of Ukrainian Hetmans, engravings, medals, personals of Peter I, collections of cold steel arms and firearm of European and Oriental types.
In the largest hall of the museum there is a highly artistic diorama showing last minutes of the Great Battle. Also, at the territory of the museum complex can be found: Russian warriors Bed of Honor (1709 — beginning of XX cent.), the monument to Peter I (A. Adamson, 1915), Sampsonyyvska church (1856-1907) and many other objects.
Among other Ukrainian museum complexes of such type, the State Historical and Cultural reserve “The Field of the Great Poltava Battle” is the only member of International Association of Arms & Military History Museums (IAMAM). In accordance with the Ukrainian Cabinet act #1761 of 27.12.2001 the State Historical and Cultural reserve “The Field of the Great Poltava Battle” was proclaimed as the object of national culture heritage and entered in the State list of Ukraine Landscapes.