In 1909, in honor of bicentenary of the Great Battle of Poltava, there was raised the White Rotunda at the territory of the old fortress. Right there Peter I met Poltava craftsmen after the battle. The Rotunda has a horseshoe shape — according to a legend, a local smith skillfully shoed Peter I horse, which lost its shoe during the Battle. The horseshoe-shaped Rotunda ends are turned to the Dormition Cathedral.
During the Great Patriotic war, fascists demolished the Rotunda and placed their artillery point. In 1954, Leon Weingort proposed his project of the Rotunda reconstruction. The new rotunda had horseshoe shape, eight columns, nine meter high and was named the Rotunda of Friendship — in honor of 300 anniversary of friendship between Russia and Ukraine.
There is a wonderful view of Podol and Levada districts, and the Vorskla river valley (from Scythian-Sarmatian «vor» — white or clean, «skol» — river).
Near the White rotunda pupils and students meet their first sunrise after graduation parties; just married couples come to the rotunda to uncork champagne on the occasion of new family birth.
There are gold letters on the Rotunda inner side, which say a line from «Natalka-Poltavka» opera by Ivan Kotlyarevsky: «People are happy and country is blest, where lands are in piece and storks are in nest».