Poltava: historical reference
Poltava is one of the oldest cities of Ukraine. During the Kievan Rus times, Poltava was known in chronicles as Ltava. It was the Southern outpost of the largest Pereyaslavlskoe principality in struggle against Southern nomads.
For the first time Ltava was mentioned in Ipatyivsky chronicle only in 1174. But archeological researches give the ground to hypothesis about ancient history of the settlement. Numerous finds of archeological excavations at place of the Old city tell us about age of more than 1100 years. The settlement was overtaken by mournful fate of bulk towns in 30-s of Õ²²² century — like other towns, Ltava was devastated by Batu Khan Horde.
Little by little the settlement returned to life. In the middle of Õ²V century the city became the part of Grand Duchy of Lithuania. During times of prince Vytautas, in 1430, the settlement was mentioned as Poltava. At the beginning of 40-s of ÕV²² century the city had magistrate and signs of Magdeburg rights — a coat of arms and a stamp.
In 1648-1775 Poltava was the administrative centre of Poltavsky regiment. Due to people of the city there are several heroic historical pages in chronicles of liberation war against magnate Poland. The regiment Cossacks took part in Lviv and Zamostya siege (1648), in the battles near Berestechko (1651) and Zhvanets (1653). In honor of first victories the Khrestovozdvizhensky monastery was erected — today it is the monument of history and architecture of ÕV²²² centuries.
The Great Battle of Poltava (June 27, 1709) was very fateful event for history of the city and whole Ukrainian people. The last attempt of Hetman Ivan Mazepa to protect interests of Ukraine people with help of Karl Õ²² forces was crashed by Peter I armies. But on the other hand this event preconcerted ways of the city developing and its architecture. One of the main is step was foundation of Poltavskaya province in spring of 1802 (existed till 1925). And during Õ²Õ century the city was constructing according to its new status. The unique architecture composition of Round square appeared — at the territory of former Soviet Union it is the only town-planning composition built at pure classicism age. The city was decorated by magnificent buildings of numerous temples and such educational institutions as County school, Institute of noble ladies, Cleric school, Gardening school, Cadet Corps etc. The economical role of Poltava increased, especially after Illinsky fest was moved here from Romny — this fest was the third largest fest of Russian Empire. In 1870 Poltava started railway building.
Due to extremely active construction of the city at the beginning of XX century there are many harmonious combinations of late baroque, provincial classicism and Ukrainian modern in today Poltava architecture.
Such positive changes in the city development attracted to Poltava many famous figures of science and culture. Here, in Poltava, was born literature genius of Ukrainian classic Ivan Kotlyarevsky, song talent of Marusya Churay, asceticism and fortitude of church figure P. Velichkovsky. Here studied such people as storyteller L. Glibov, interpreter and litterateur M. Gnedych, writers N. Gogol and M. Starytsky, educators A. Makarenko and V. Sukhomlynsky. In Poltava lived and worked actor M. Shchepkin, poet and artist T. Shevchenko, artists G. Myasoedov and M. Yaroshenko, musician M. Lysenko, mathematician M. Ostrogradsky, pedologist V. Dokuchaev, writers G. Danylevsky, O. Konynsky, I. Bunin, G. Myrny, V. Korolenko etc.
The city works hard for developing and rising tourism infrastructure at such points as hotel sphere, service system, public transport, and creating of attractive investment air. Unforgettable impression of its theatres, musicales, museums and picturesque landscapes are guaranteed.
Welcome to Poltava! Feel our hospitality and your hearts will keep this tender love to Poltava for ages.