Poltava is the administrative centre of Poltavskaya Oblast (Poltava region). Coordinates: 49° 00` 36`` N 34° 00` 33`` E. Total area: 103, 5 sq. km.
The city lies on the banks of the river Vorskla; it is western part of Poltava region. Poltava is one of the largest industrial and cultural centers of the river Dnieper Left-bank area.
Poltava lies on the East European Plain and occupies flat Poltava plateau with its steep river downhill. The larger western part of the city is situated on the rather high watershed plateau (150-159 m above mean sea level) which is brightly parted near the river Vorskla valley by deep cavins into several flat top ledges: Monastysky, Insitutsky, Kobyschansky and Ivanova Gora ledges. The smaller eastern part of the city — Podol, Levada and Dublyanshchina districts — is situated on the river Vorskla first terrace and oxbow (78-100 m above mean sea level). Eastern broad of Poltava is the river Kolomak estuary valley.
Poltava lies on the East European craton — Dneprovsko-Donetskaya lowland with 12 km bed depth. Sediments of the bed contain building sands, loess loams, and halite — 2 km under the city.
Geographical position of Poltava in measures of temperate climate zone is the main reason of its temperate continental climate type qualities: average annual temperatures range from 20,5°C in July, to -7,0°C in January; average annual rainfall — 525 mm; moisture coefficient — 0,7; annual quantity of frosty days — 191.
At the Eastern part of the city there are dark-grey forest grounds and humus; at the Western part of Poltava there are turfs and meadow grounds. 1/5 of the city territory is planted by greenery. There are more than 30 objects of Nature Reservation fund.
Nature, resources, geographical and economical position of Poltava — these are conditions for developing of such industries as fuel, food, woodworking and light industry. Developing of engineering and chemistry industry in Poltava is possible because of nearness of such huge scientific, metallurgical and engineering centers as Kyiv, Kharkiv and Dnepropetrovsk. Poltava provides ¼ of the region products.
Poltava population density is more than 3000 per km². 87% of the city population — Ukrainians. 44, 0% of hard-working population are involved into industrial sphere; 16, 0% — into service sphere; 6, 0% — into science, art and education.